Maunalua - Lit., Two Mountains
(Pukui, Elbert, Moʻokini)
Maunalua was once an ʻili ʻāina of Waimānalo in Koʻolaupoko. However, in 1859, under the Hawaiian Kingdom and monarch Kamehameha IV
Alexander Liholiho, the Hawaiian legislature moved Maunalua from the Koʻolaupoko District to the District of Kona.
In “Districts In The Hawaiian Islands” by Robert D. King (Reprinted from University of Hawaii Research Publication No. 11, and revised to June 30, 1942), in 1859 the Hawaiian legislature passed the Civil Code of 1859, section 498, which stated the following “for taxation, educational and judicial purposes, the several islands shall be divided into the following districts:
The island of Oahu shall be divided into five districts, as follows: 1. From Maunalua to Moanalua inclusive, to be styled the Honolulu district; 2. Ewa and Waianae to be styled the Ewa district; 3. Waialua; 4. Koolauloa; 5. Koolaupoko."
The boundaries of the Maunalua ahupuaʻa are between Mauna o Ahi Ridge,
on the Koko Head side of Kuliʻouʻou, and the ahupuaʻa extends to the Makapuʻu lookout.
The Kaiwi Coastline is also located in the ahupuaʻa of Maunalua.
1878: District of Honolulu Defined as Maunalua to Moanalua
He Kanawai E Hoololi Ai I Ka Pauku 498 O Ke Kanawai Kivila.
E Hooholoia e ka Moi a me ka Hale Ahaolelo o ko Hawaii Pae Aina i akoakoa iloko o ka Ahaolelo Kau Kanawai o ke Aupuni:
Pauku 1. E hoololi ia a ma keia ke hoololi ia nei ka Pauku 498, o ke Kanawai Kivila a penei a heluhelu ia ai.
Pauku 498. I mea e pono ai ka Oihana auhau ka Oihana Hoonaauao a me ka Oihana Hookolokolo e mahele ia na Mokupuni o keia Pae Aina penei.
E mahele ia ka Mokupuni o Hawaii ewalu apana penei. 1 Hilo. 2 Puna. 3 Kau. 4 Kona Hema. 5 Kona Akau. 6 Kohala Hema. 7 Kohala Akau. 8 Hamakua,
E mahele ia na Mokupuni o Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe, i eono apana penei. I mai Kahakuloa, a i Ukumehame a e hookomo pu ia Kahoolawe a e kapa ia oia ka apana o Lahaina. 2 mai Waihee, a i Honuaula a e kapa ia oia ka apana o Wailuku. 3 Kahikinui, Kaupo, Kipahulu, Hana a me Koolau, a e kapa ia oia ka apana o Hana. 4 Hamakualoa, Hamakuapoko, Kaliimaile, Makawao me Kula, a e kapa ia oia ka apana o Makawao. 5 Molokai. 6 Lanai.
E mahele ia ka Mokupuni o Oahu i elima apana penei. 1 mai Maunalua a i Moanalua a e kapa ia oia ka apana o Honolulu. 2 Ewa me Waianae a e kapa ia oia ka apana o Ewa. 3 Waialua. 4 Koolauloa. 5 Koolaupoko.
E mahele ia na Mokpuni o Kauai a me Niihau i eono apana penei. 1 mai Nualolo, ai Hanapepe a e kapa ia oia ka apana o Waimea. 2 mai Wahiawa a i Mahaulepu, a e kapa ia oia ka apana o Koloa. 3 mai Kipu a i Wailua, a e kapa ia oia ka apana o Lihue. 4 mai Waipouli a i Kilauea e kapa ia oia ka apana o Kawaihau. 5 mai Kalihiwai a i Honopu a e kapa ia oia ka apana o Hanalei. 6 Niihau.
Pauku 2. E lilo keia i Kanawai mai kona la e hooholoia ai.
Aponoia i keia la 1 o Augate M.H. 1878.
Ka Nupepa Kuokoa. 7 September 1878. P. 1.
A Law to Amend Article 498 of the Civil Code.
Be it resolved by the monarch and the legislature of the Hawaiian Islands gathered together in the Legislative Session of the government:
Article 1: Be it resolved and by this, Article 498 of the Civil Code is amended to read in the following way:
Article 498: In consideration of the Tax Office, the Department of Education, and the Justice Department, the islands of the Hawaiian Islands shall be divided accordingly:
The island of Hawai‘i is to be divided into eight districts: 1. Hilo 2. Puna 3. Ka‘ū 4. South Kona 5. North Kona 6. South Kohala 7. North Kohala 8. Hāmākua.
The islands of Maui, Moloka‘i, Lāna‘i, Kaho‘olawe are to be divided into six districts accordingly: 1. Kahakuloa to Ukumehame, including Kaho‘olawe shall be called the district of Lāhaina. 2. Waihe‘e to Honua‘ula shall be called the district of Wailuku. 3. Kahikinui, Kaupō, Kīpahulu, Hāna and Ko‘olau shall be called the district of Hāna. 4. Hāmākualoa, Hāmākuapoko, Hāli‘imaile, Makawao and Kula shall be called the district of Makawao. 5. Moloka‘i. 6. Lāna‘i.
The island of O‘ahu shall be divided into five districts accordingly: 1. Maunalua to Moanalua shall be called the district of Honolulu. 2. ‘Ewa and Wai‘anae shall be called the district of ‘Ewa. 3. Waialua. 4. Ko‘olauloa. 5. Ko‘olaupoko.
The islands of Kaua‘i and Ni‘ihau shall be divided into six districts: 1. Nu‘alolo to Hanapēpē shall be called the district of Waimea. 2. Wāhiāwā to Māhā‘ulepū shall be called the district of Kōloa. 3. Kīpū to Wailua shall be called the district of Līhu‘e. 4. Waipouli to Kīlauea shall be called the district of Kawaihau. 5. Kalihiwai to Honopū shall be called the district of Hanalei. 6. Ni‘ihau.
Article 2: This shall be made into law from the day it is ratified.
Ratified today, August 1, 1878.
Kalākaua R. [The letter “R” stands for Rex: King]
ʻŌlelo Hoʻolaha / Announcement
LET IT BE KNOWN TO ALL PERSONS, MYSELF AND THE people of Maunalua, those who have leased in common the valley fields of Hahaʻione Kaʻelekeʻi and the fishing seas along the borders of Maunalua from Makapuʻu Point, Awāwamalu, on to Kawaihoa Point, the lagoons of Koko and Kaliawa until the boundaries of Kuliʻouʻou, excluding Hanauma. We leased with the Patriarch, His Highness M. Kekūanāoʻa and it is recorded in the Government Liber. Therefore, the information is reported. It is forbidden for all persons from elsewhere to go there and fish without being mindful of our rules and about the portion for the Konohiki. And if a person or persons has recently gone fishing, our chosen managers can make claim and enforce, but the losses will rest upon that manager for the reminding. This restriction is not pertaining to those who fish there and give a share to the Konohiki.
Leasing Agent of the Association members
Maunalua, Oʻahu, Oct. 29. 1868